What triggered flash floods in Afghanistan which claimed over 300 lives?

The flood has turned into a massive humanitarian crisis leading to death, displacement, and widespread destruction.

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The flash floods in Afghanistan have resulted in the death of over 300 people, according to the World Food Programme (WFP). The flood has turned into a massive humanitarian crisis leading to death, displacement, and widespread destruction. It has left an indelible impact in the Afghan provinces of Badakhshan, Ghor, Baghlan, and Herat. Alone in four districts of Baghlan, at least 130 people have died while 100 others have been injured.

Devastating impact

The flash floods have ravaged causing loss of agricultural land, residential homes, and hundreds of livestock. People are struggling to get a one-time meal and are looking up to the interim government and both domestic and international organizations to find their relatives who could have been possibly washed away with the flood, and rescuing the rest stranded in the flooded zones. 

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What triggered this flash flood?

The primary reason behind the destructive flooding has been heavy rainfall which can be directly linked to climate change. The root causes for most of these are well-known issues ranging from global warming to rapid industrialization, causing pollution which is ultimately contaminating the water resources, degrading the air quality, and hampering the soil quality.

Rescue operations underway

Several national and international organizations are trying to help the stranded. The International Rescue Committee (IRC), which has organized a rescue operation as part of their emergency response in seven provinces of the affected region said that hundreds of people are coping with the extreme situation, being left without basic services. 

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WFP is indulged in providing necessities including fortified biscuits to the survivors. WHO Afghanistan has also responded to the crisis by delivering 7 metric tonnes of essential medicines, medical supplies, and kits that could aid the victims of the destructing flood.  

Afghanistan, a hotbed of natural disasters

Afghanistan which is still reeling from a string of earthquakes that it had first witnessed during the beginning of the year, had also faced severe flooding in March due to excessive rainfall. Last month, nine people were killed due to falling off of houses due to heavy rainfall and flooding in regions including Greshk and Kajaki districts of Afghanistan's Helmand province.