Why did Russia, China veto US's Gaza ceasefire resolution at UNSC?

The US-led draft resolution sought to garner support for an immediate and sustained ceasefire in Gaza, condemning an attack by Hamas on October 7.

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Courtesy: X/@CaptCoronado

In a recent development at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), Russia and China have vetoed a resolution proposed by the United States concerning a ceasefire in Gaza. This move by Russia and China was supported by Arab nations, who argued that the resolution did not adequately pressure Israel to cease its actions.

The US-led draft resolution sought to garner support for an immediate and sustained ceasefire in Gaza, condemning an attack by Hamas on October 7. However, Russia and China exercised their veto power, with Algeria voting against the resolution and Guyana abstaining. Notably, the draft resolution received favorable votes from other Security Council members, including permanent members France and Britain.

Russian Ambassador criticizes US 

Russian Ambassador Vasily Nebenzia criticized the resolution, accusing the United States of presenting a "hypocritical spectacle" and aiming to appease voters without addressing the root issues. He argued that the resolution would fail to hold Israel accountable for its actions.

Similarly, China's representative Zhang Jun criticized the draft resolution for its vague language and failure to provide a clear path toward achieving a ceasefire. He emphasized the need for a more explicit call to end the conflict promptly.

Antony Blinken's reaction

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken denounced the veto as a cynical move, highlighting the international community's urgency in achieving a ceasefire. Despite the setback, Blinken reaffirmed the US commitment to pursuing alternative paths to address the conflict.

Following the veto, French President Emmanuel Macron expressed France's determination to continue pushing for a ceasefire through an alternative resolution. Palestinian envoy Riyad Mansour emphasized the importance of a clear and decisive call for a ceasefire.

The resolution's failure to pass raises concerns about the ongoing violence in Gaza, where clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinian militants have resulted in numerous casualties. The international community remains divided on the appropriate course of action to end the conflict and alleviate humanitarian suffering in the region.