Stay healthy during menstruation: Effective ways to ensure proper hygiene

Ensure proper disposal of sanitary pads or tampons by wrapping them securely to prevent the spread of bacteria and infections.

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Maintaining proper menstrual hygiene is crucial for safeguarding gynecological health. Neglecting hygiene during menstruation can lead to severe health complications, including reproductive and urinary tract infections, which may result in future fertility issues and birth complications.

Various menstrual products are available for absorbing or collecting menstrual blood, such as sanitary pads, tampons, menstrual cups, menstrual discs, and period underwear. However, adhering to basic safety measures while using these products is essential. Here are some key tips to follow:

Hand Hygiene: Before and after changing menstrual products, always wash your hands thoroughly to prevent the spread of germs. Neglecting hand hygiene can lead to infections, including hepatitis B.

Product Selection: Choose a menstrual product that is comfortable and suits your lifestyle, whether it's a sanitary napkin, tampon, menstrual cup, or padded panty. Ensure you select the right size of tampon or cup based on your blood flow. Using cloth during periods is highly unhygienic.

Regular Changing: Change your menstrual product every four to eight hours, depending on your flow. Prolonged use can increase the risk of bacterial growth and infection. Timely removal of tampons is crucial to prevent toxic shock syndrome (TSS), a rare but life-threatening complication.

Proper Cleaning: Clean the genital area thoroughly with unscented soap and warm water, avoiding harsh chemicals or fragrances that may disrupt the natural pH balance of the vagina. Douching is not recommended as it can alter the vagina's pH balance and increase the risk of infection. Always clean from the vagina to the anus to prevent the spread of bacteria and reduce the risk of urinary tract infections.

Choice of Underwear: Wear clean, loose-fitting underwear made of breathable materials like cotton, and change them regularly. Tight synthetic clothing can lead to excessive sweating, increasing the risk of infection.
Stay Hydrated: Drink an adequate amount of fluids to help flush out your urinary tract and prevent infections.

Finally, ensure proper disposal of sanitary pads or tampons by wrapping them securely to prevent the spread of bacteria and infections. By following these hygiene practices, you can maintain gynecological health and reduce the risk of menstrual-related complications.